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Tunisia

Tunisia in short :
Tunisia is a state of North Africa bathed by the Mediterranean, in the north and in the East.
It is a country of light and of colours, rich history of which is in relics and monuments left by successive civilisations.
It has an area of 163600 km ² and a population of 10 million inhabitants.
The capital is Tunis where assembles a democratic government and a presidential republic.
The official language is Arabic. But most Tunisians understand several languages as French (2nd language) and English.

Geography :
The geography of Tunisia is very manifold: mountain in the north, uninhabited in the south, steppes on the West, Lakes salted in the West South and beaches in the East.

Tunisia counts about 52,9 % of townspeople; population growth diminishes (policy of family planning since 1964).
About 350 000 Tunisians live abroad, mainly in France.
Economy is diversified enough.

Agriculture uses 33 % assets and developed intensive farming irrigated in the North.

Oil, gases and phosphates are the main resources of export and allowed creation important complex industrialists on coasts, while textile activities and of assemblage belong developed in cities.

Tourism and oil assure are important recipes.
The country is one of the most developing of Africa.

History :
Tunisia is populated at origin by Berbers.
Then it was occupied from IXth century till IIth century before Christ by the Phoenicians, who founded Carthage.
After the crushing of the Carthaginians, the Romans made the Province of Africa.
Ruined by the Vandals and the Byzantine by many wars, the country declined, up to arrival Arabs, who raised the economy of the region and founded Kairouan (670).
Dependent on Omeyyades then on Abbassides, but governed by local dynasties, Ifriqiyya acquired an independence little by little.
At the end of the XVIth century, Ottoman conquest made of Tunisia one of the main bases of the pirates barbaresques.
In 1881 and 1883, France establishes its protectorate. Nationalist opposition manifested itself fast and from 1952 led Pierre Mendès France to grant in the country internal autonomy (1954), then independence (1956).
From 1957, the constituent Assembly abolishes the monarchy of beys and entrusted the direction of the country in Habib Bourguiba, who concentrated all powers little by little.
From 1960 till 1969, "progressive" options dominated the economic policy.
The social policy put the emphasis on schooling (1/4 of the budget) and the emancipation of the woman.
Member of the Arab League since 1958, Tunisia always adopted a moderate policy enter East and Occident.
In 1969, liberalism replaced "socialist" options.
After a prematurely born plan of fusion with Libya (1974), Tunisia got closer to France and of The United States.
In 1987, the general Well Ali, Interior minister then Prime minister, displaced H. Bourguiba, then undertook to clear out the regime of its archaisms. Unique candidate, Ben Ali was elected president of the Republic in 1989 and reelected in 1994.
Tunisia is therefore a country with mingle numerous cultures which left a huge archaeological and cultural heritage.
Today, Tunisia is orientated to development and tries to get closer to countries Westerners.

" As all that counts in life, a nice trip is a work of art "
André Suarès
Contact
AGENCE DE VOYAGES
Bedouin Tour
Rue Mohamed Marzougui
4260 - Douz – Tunisie

Direct contact in Tunisia in :
tel.: 216 75 475 760
fax: 216 75 475 761
mail: info@bedouintour.com.tn

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BEDOUIN TOUR TRAVEL AGENCY, Camel treks, Meharee Tunisia: Desert Tunisian, Circuit 4x4, Rando in Tunisia, in the middle of The Big Oriental Erg, Douz Tunisie: Come discover the big oriental erg and the Tunisian desert.